Biotechnology: a ticket to the Future

You have read about all JEE advanced important topics but do you know You can make a tomato plant to produce potato at their roots using biotechnology. A “pomato” plant if you will.
Scientists can edit the DNA of human embryos using gene-editing tool CRISPR. This biotecnology can prevent babies from being born with incurable diseases or disabilities.
Some of the best and most important recent innovations are from the Biotechnology.

What is biotechnology?

Biotechnology is an interdisciplinary field that unites the biological sciences with engineering technology. This discipline creates products for agriculture, environmental control, food, healthcare, medicine, and pharmaceuticals.
Biotechnology offers two directions : Research and Development in sciences or in industrial processes.

innovations in field of biotechnology

Some other fantastic innovations that have developed thanks to biotechnology include:
  • Development in stem cell technology
  • Genomic sequencing technology or DNA
  • Natural alternatives to pesticides
  • Production of biofuels

what will you study in college? 

If you choose biotechnology, you will study both the biological as well as the engineering aspects. These topic are bit different from JEE advanced important topics.
The curriculum will include Cell Biology, Genetics, Microbiology, and Molecular Biology among others. The engineering course work will include Biochemical & Bioprocess Engineering, Mass Transfer and even Thermodynamics.
A scientifically oriented degree will focus more on biological aspects. There will be some course work that relates to industrial processes, but, the focus will be more on Research and Development.

 What is the core field of job?

While a bachelor’s degree will get you a job, some biotechnology careers will need a graduate degree for advancement. You may need a Masters or even a Ph.D. to do the type of work you are interested in.
Employment opportunities for biotechnologists can be found in:
  • Agriculture
  • Animal Husbandry
  • Conservation of the Environment
  • Genetics and Genetic Engineering
  • Health Care
  • Industrial R & D
  • Medicine
Also, there is a major focus in this sector through out the world. Opportunities for U.G. and P.G. studies and research are available in the United States and Europe.

average package in iit’s, nit’s and gfti 

Salaries for bio-technologists in India vary depending on your experience. An entry-level bio technologist from IIT’s and NIT’s may earn approximately Rs. 40,000 to Rs. 1,25,000 a month. There are companies that pay more but many are CSE based. Much also depends on which college or university you graduate from.

higher studies and COMPETITION

If you hope to take GATE exam in Biotechnology administered by the IISc, you will need to prepare. Get a copy of the GATE Biotechnology Syllabus and use the most recommended GATE books to prepare. The GATE score has a validity of two years. The exam will have three sections: General Aptitude, Mathematics, and a subject-specific section. Sixty-five questions in a three-hour time limit.
You can also get job in following PSU’s
  • Bharat Immunological & Biological Corporation
  • Indian Vaccine Corporation Ltd (IVCOL)
  • Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council (BIRAC)
Degree in Biotechnology is fine if you are aiming for the I.A.S. . This exam is considered one of the most difficult in the world. Syllabus is far more than just some JEE advanced important topics. A bachelor’s degree from a recognized university will make you eligible for the exam. If you have a passion to serve society as a civil servant, then this is an option.
UPSC Civil Services Exam 2013
Rachit Raj
All India Rank 3
BTech in biotechnology
Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT)
 Biotechnology is redefining the boundaries and limits of science. To be part of such an innovative field will allow you to use your originality and imagination. This is a path-breaking sector. Biotechnology is everywhere from vaccines to genetics. If you are passionate about future and helping it become a reality, biotechnology may be best option to choose.
By the here is the list for top colleges for Bio-Technology

cut off for iit, nit and gfti

IIT Total Seats OR CR
Delhi (B.Tech) 46 1854 4171
Delhi (B.Tech + M.Tech) 14 3814 4508
Kharagpur (B.Tech) 27 3912 5892
Kharagpur (M.Tech) 26 5427 7383
Jodhpur(B.Tech) 60 7078 11224
Kanpur(B.Tech) 40 3633 5537
Madras(M.Tech) 34 4438 6383
Roorkee (B.Tech) 35 4577 7074
Varanasi (M.Tech) 20 7915 10775
Guwahati (B.Tech) 65 5543 8265
Jalandhar 18/18 31339/12675 94k/34k
Allahabad 23/23 14272/18917 26.4k/31k
Agartala 15/15 161k/27.5k 439k/43k
Calicut 15/15 14.6k/11.35k 29.2k/29.5k
Durgapur 30/30 21.8k/13.5k 42k/39.4k
Durgapur (M.Tech) 2/3 13k/18k 39.7k/32.4k
Raipur 31/31 56k/5.9k 142k/41k
Raipur (Bio-Medical) 31/31 69.k/23.5k 163k/43.4k
Arunanchal Pradesh 10/10 78k/16.7k 330k/42.7k
Rourkela 15/15 18.7k/18.1k 45k/28k
Rourkela (Bio-Medical) 15/15 26.8k/15.6k 56k/35.3k
Warangal 36/31 18.3k/12.7k 28.7k/24.4k
Andhra Pradesh 15/15 23k/22k 41k/38k
BIT MESRA 26/30 40k/22.6k 63.8k/42.2k

Read about other engineering branches here Chemical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Metallurgical Engineering, Food Technology and Production Engineering.

Do not forget to comment and share.


  • Shikha R. Chand

    Really useful information…great to know more about biotech….helpful for all.
    Great job.

    • Thank you Shikha Madam.
      I will try to write more useful articles in future.

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.